original owners of the territory surrounding Anna were the Indians,
primarily the Miamis and Shawnees, who roamed the area at different
times before the white settlers came. The French, under the leadership
of LaSalle and Marquette, explored the interior of the Mississippi
Valley from 1669 to 1682. The French claimed the territory under
these explorations, though the British laid claim by their earlier
explorations on the coast. This dispute of territory started the
French and Indian War which lasted from 1754 to 1763. By the terms
of the treaty, the English gained possession of the French territory,
Canada, and all the territory east of the Mississippi. The colonists
declared themselves independent, and by the treaty of Paris in 1783,
gained the territory from the Mississippi, south of the Great Lakes,
to Florida, becoming an independent nation. As territory was fought
for and won from the Indians, settlements sprang up in Cleveland,
Chillicothe, Zanesville, Dayton, and many other places. Settlers
came from the eastern states in such large numbers that in 1803,
Ohio was admitted as a state.
The early pioneers of
Anna were John W. Carey, Josiah Greene, and John Munch, who came
from Dayton in 1833. J.W. Carey owned 1,000 acres of land located
west of the present B&O Railroad. Josiah Greene purchased 160
acres between the present B&O Railroad and County Road 25-A.
John Munch owned land east of Pike Street.
The village was first
laid out by J.W. Carey in 1858. It was afterward surveyed by John
L. and Fletcher Thirkield and lies in Section 28, Town 7 South,
Range 6 East, as surveyed in 1867. An important change took place
about this time. The village was renamed from Carey’s Station
to Anna, in honor of Mr. Carey’s daughter.
Grain and lumber became
a major industry for Anna, and in 1861, the first saw mill in Anna
was built. This mill initiated a boom in development, including
housing, the construction of the Black Bull Inn, and Billing’s
With all of the development
in the 1860’s, there had already been dreams of incorporation
of the village. This dream was finally realized when Anna was incorporated
by petition on June 26, 1877.